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In exploring the opinions of the Egyptian people: Egyptians resist chaos and want to achieve stability

Many believe that Egypt needs more order and rules in order to achieve a better future and place.

By the anniversary of the 25th Jan revolution and the series of the Arab spring revolutions, many things come to our minds; some are positive and actually many are negative that we are still suffering from till now.

In fact the protesters aimed to improve the conditions of the Arab societies so that they could have a better life.  However, the events indicate that some of those revolutions were just the contrary to any expectation of success; and even resulted in backwardness and negativity to its societies. Many neighboring societies suffered from Chaos or civil wars or political and religious sectarian strife and some suffered from all of them at once.

Despite that we cannot deny the fact that revolutions usually cause natural chaos due to the abrupt transition from the climate of suppression and dictatorship to the climate of freedom and openness, but the analysts indicated that the rulers of those countries struggled against their people’s desire.

Instead of taking advantage from the new changes to improve their countries and thinking to reestablish a country free from corruption that tries to apply democracy practically and aims to progress and develop the society, they indulged in “struggling over the rule” which was reflected in all life aspects; economic, social, etc. As a result, people suffered from the deteriorating conditions and paid the price of their leaders’ failure in managing the countries after the revolutions.

These conditions and consequences vary from country to another; Yemen, Syria and Libya for example are still suffering from the ravages of the civil war, the domination of the extremist groups and the international forces’ intervention. However, although Tunisia and Egypt have been through hardships, but their state institutions did not collapse. And the Egyptian state is what concerns us in particular.

In Egypt, chaos and political fragmentation spread and resulted in negative consequences that included all aspects that affect the daily life of people. However, Egyptians fought back against those negative effects and nearly 33 million people gathered in the 30 June revolution to announce their desire to end the state of chaos and regain their identity and unity.

Perhaps this confrontation, which made the Egyptian experiment taking a different turn from the rest of the Arab countries, leads us to wonder and try to explain what happened to the Egyptians? What are their opinions concerning the events? And how they conceive their future?

The collapse of the Social Order

After reviewing a sample of the Egyptians answers regarding their opinions about the social order Egypt has witnessed through the years 2012, 2013, 2017, their assessment of the situation regarding the chaos or stability and their expectations for Egypt’s future, we find that respondents agree on the existence of the social order collapse and that state culminated in 2013 after the Muslim brotherhood won the presidency elections with 68.7%, that percentage was for their answers by “much+very much”.
Regarding the state of chaos which Egypt has witnessed through the past years after the revolution, 74% confirmed their feeling of the chaos state through their answers “much+ very much” in 2012. This feeling increased and culminated in 2013 to reach 79%. Whereas, the percentage decreases in 2017 to 46% against 29% of people who see the opposite and that the state of chaos has decreased than before.

Religion and culture heritage are the main reason

It is apparent that the Egyptian society always resists such states of chaos and social order collapse. Their religious beliefs were the major reason behind their endurance and resilience; as they came in the first rank with 34% and then followed by their belief in the capabilities of the Egyptians and their civilization with 25% while “The belief in Egyptian army” came after that.

These mentioned reasons correspond with the theoretical dimension which researches and studies of cultural Psychology and sociology reached to explain the behavior of resilience. This means the societies ability to receptiveness and improvement after confronting the crises and adversity which require adopting many strategies on both the person and society level. Some of these strategies For example, are to have faith in values, religious and cultural beliefs related to the society, trustfulness in social and personal characteristics that enable confronting these crises, in addition to the positive thinking that the current situation would lead to cure and build a better society.

Rules and order for Egypt’s future.

By reviewing the questionnaires of the Egyptians’ opinions  concerning how far could their country be in a better place if it has better rules and standards of conduct,we find that their answers through the 3 years vary from 81% in 2012, 85% in 2o13, 71,6% in 2017 (much+very much). Who sees those percentages could simply know that Egyptians still have faith that changing toward respecting the rules and order is always a solution for all crises.

This reveals the positive thinking even during the stumbling conditions-, which reached its peak in 2013 – that achieving the order and respecting the rules is the only solution for survival.

The three questionnaires were conducted on samples of (2141) adults in 2012, (1014) adults in 2013, and (1000) adults in 2017. They were above 18 years. The samples included all the governorates except the borders with a standard error 5%. 

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25.9 %
The illiteracy rate in 2013

12.9 %
Unemployment rate in 2014

per 100000 live births
The birth rate in 2014

marriage case per thousand
The marriage rate in 2014